The project has developed from January to November 2014.
The dissemination of research results will start in February 2015.
The newPIC chair has been awarded in January 2014 a research contract by the French Ministry of Defense (Directorate for Financial Affairs, Office for Economic research [OED]). The final report has been delivered in November 2014.
The project investigated the practices of French Defense and Aerospace global firms practices in the management of dual-use technologies innovative potential: identifying, taking advantage of, and managing the possible synergies between technologies and products funded on civilian vs. Defense-related budgets has become a key driver for the industry competitiveness. The management of dual-use innovation represents one of the key strategic aspects for the ASD industry.
The research project has developed thanks to a tight cooperation with THALES, a world leader in the ASD indsutry.
Dual-use strategies focus on taking advantage of the exploitation of competences, technologies, products, processes, suited to the twin fulfillment of specifications issued by civilian and Defense-related markets. The important growth of activities on civilian commercial markets on the one hand and the variety of technological trajectories on Defense and Security-related markets on the other hand, explain why dual-use technologies and innovation have become a key issue in strategy making.
The project focuses on the industry working for the French Defense. We investigate several dimensions: strategy, the management of innovation, business models. The report compares “historical” players in the industry, and new entrants. Our approach allows for the investigation of common features, and divergences, in relation with the nature of activities. The report points out how the reference to dual-use technologies and innovation situates in the products/markets diversification and in the specialization process.
New managerial approaches of dual-use technologies and innovation are now present in the industry. The focus on dual-use developments requires new perspectives on the collective and iterative approach to innovation. Taking advantage of dual-use developments requires a perfect understanding of all connections in the ecosystem, and new modes of interactions between the industry and the end-users. Inside the industry, the reference to dual-use technologies implies the introduction of new managerial modes for the innovation process, and of new transverse functions suited to taking maximum advantage of synergies between Defense, Security and civilian markets. This reference also translates into new strategies for ‘open innovation’, making the most out of internal skills and knowledge made available from other sectors (e.g. videogames).
The reference to dual-use technologies and products in business models introduces an interesting perspective when the industry actually elaborates its strategy both on civilian, and Defense and Security markets. We investigate the relationship between costs, profit, revenues, and (core) competences. We point out the specificities of each dimension for projects primarily targeting civilian, or Defense and Security markets.
In this project, the analysis of dual-use strategies elaborates on seven in-depth case studies pointing out constraints and opportunities. For
each case study, the report delivered to the French MoD goes into the details of the articulation between the market strategy, the business model, and the managerial
modes introduced for the innovation process.
The 7th case study investigated the development of the internal start-up installed by DCNS on renewable marine energies for its strategic diversification.
All seven case studies have allowed to pointing out key success factors for the implementation of strategies focusing on dual-use technologies and innovation.
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