Research project commissioned by DREES, research and statistical office for the French ministry for Solidarities

Collaborative economy and innovation platforms

This research project develops between Jan. 2019 and Sep. 2021.

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This project is commissioned by DREES, research and statistical office of the French Ministry for Solidarities and Healthcare, Ministère des Solidarités et de la Santé.

The principles of collaborative economies elaborate on new rationales for working practices. This 24m long research project aims at better understanding these principles in reference to open innovation laboratories and collaborative spaces. The project will most notably focus on available economic, symbolic and sociological resources, and on the subsequent impacts on the stakeholders' sense of "protection".

The originality of the project sheds light on "social protection" throught the lenses of collaborative spaces, most notably coworking spaces.
How and When do these spaces become platforms for some social engineering to provide a new working environment for the contributors to digital economies, and not solely genuine open spaces for rent? How do the spaces contribute to articulate together some "social protection"?

The project investigates economic and organizational models used in collaborative economies, and their impact on the job market, and on working conditions. The project also analyses roles and statuses for the workers present in collaborative economies, and their need for social protection. The project addresses 3 aspects of social protection: the legal, sociological and physiological dimensions. The project also articulates these aspects with an analysis of the "dark side" of IT, most notably the impact of 24/7 connectivity on social, personal and professional lives.


Collaborative represent a new and complex phenomenon. The originality of our approach locates in the focus on the organizations framing such collaboration, and the associated stakholders. This focus on microfoundations makes it possible to understand motivations, decisions, processes, and institutional patterns. Therefore a better understanding of future trends and tendencies. Organizational patterns and ways of working differ from traditional (private and public) organizations. Startuppers, freelancers and coworkers have to better understand how to cope with this new environement to make better decisions, incl. for their own protection.

We have several contributions with this project:

  • We explore symbolic and sociological resources of firms present in collaborative economies;
  • We unveil practices, networks and communities in residence in collaborative spaces;
  • We explore business models and the sustainability of collaborative spaces, key stakeholders and representativity;
  • We identify good practices to cope with the complexity of hybrid (business versus social business) business models;
  • We identify and discuss issues at stake for quality of life and health in relation with connectivity and deconnection.


Work packages, activities

The kick-off of the project took place in Jan. 2019, for a project duration of 24 months.
The project articulates with three work pacakges for the project.

  • WP1: Individual statuses and perceptions of social protection for residents of innovation spaces and promoters of startups in the field of collaborative economics
  • WP2: Activities and work practices in spaces providing access to social protection
  • WP3: Adaptation and transformation of innovation spaces to cope with entrepreneurial psychological weaknesses.






Research team

    Project manager and
    Principal investigator
      hbs (at)
      +33-0-616 24 81 76
  • Nicolas AUBOUIN
    Deputy Project Manager
      na (at)

  • Pierre LANIRAY

  • Najma SAIDANI

  • Valérie MERINDOL
    Scientific advisor
      vm (at)
      +33-0-617 09 06 43
  • François-Xavier de VAUJANY
    Scientific advisor


Recruitments for temporary positions in this project are now closed
Former positions are described here

Academic partners

This research project is a joint activity between the newPIC chair at Paris School of Business, at Helène Bussy-Socrate's initiative, the RGCS network, the research team Management and Organization (M&O) at PSL Paris Dauphine University.



PSL Paris Dauphine University

Research team Management and Organization (DRM / M&O)

DRM (CNRS UMR 7088) was created on Jan 1st, 2005 in Dauphine university (PSL), and represents one of the major French researh centers in management science. As a generalist research centers, DRM covers marketing, strategy, organization theory, human resource management, information systems, innovation, accounting and control.
DRM's strategy is based on theoretical and conceptual diversity, on a wide range of research topics, and on diverse methodological qualitative and quantitative methods.


RGCS network

LRGCS is both an alternative learned society, a think tank and an immaterial maker space about and for new work practices. Collaborative communities and collaborative movements (coworkers, makers, hackers, DIY) are both a research object and a lever to transform work practices. Since late 2016, the network co-produces a new research method (Open Walked Event-Based Experimentations) aiming at transforming jointly academic and entrepreneurial work practices. This method aims at becoming a #commons for academics and entrepreneurs involved in it (e.g. with a sharing of the symbolic capital of impact and citations).

Research report - Deliverables and Downloads
Rapport de recherche - Téléchargements




as of Nov 1st, 2021


    with contributions by Olivia CHAMBARD, Nicolas AUBOUIN, and Valerie MERINDOL
    Research report, Rapport de recherche
    La protection sociale dans les espaces de l'économie collaborative
    [Social protection in organized spaces of collaborative economy],
    report in French
    September 2021, Paris: PSB, Paris School of Business (112 pages)
    DOI: in progress
    Format: pdf, 1.5 Mo


  • Executive summary, Synthese du rapport de recherche, in French
    September 2021, Paris: PSB, Paris School of Business (15 pages)
    Format: pdf, 1.5 Mo

Academic publications and contributions to conferences




as of Nov 1st, 2021

    "Le corps dans l'espace organisé, l'organisation de l'espace qui prend corps :
    l'embodiement au sein des espaces de coworking"
    ,   ["The body in organized space,
    organized space being the body: embodiement in collaborative spaces"],
    article in French
    Forthcoming, A paraître, Management International, vol 26,
    special issue "Les espaces de coworking, une nouvelle forme d'entrepreneuriat collectif ou socialisé ?"

    "Le genre féminin dans les espaces collaboratifs de l'entrepreneuriat"
    Contribution to the 2021 AEI annual conference, October 2021

    "Faire face à l'insécurité de la condition d'entrepreneur :
    le rôle des incubateurs visant l'inclusion sociale"
    Communication to the 29th AIMS annual conference, June 2020, Staims 2

    "An enactive ethnography of socializing in collaborative spaces"
    Contribution to PSB "Digital Entrepreneurship and Society" (DES) seminar,
    organized on Dec. 10th, 2020


We mention here publications in the press, specialized or not...

  • Forthcoming

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